<em>Ostreococcus tauri</em> is a high-lipid content green algae that extrudes clustered lipid droplets

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TitleOstreococcus tauri is a high-lipid content green algae that extrudes clustered lipid droplets
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsSmallwood CR, Chrisler W, Chen J-H, Patello E, Thomas M, Boudreau R, Ekman A, Wang H, McDermott G, Evans JE
Journal TitlebioRxiv
Journal Date2018-01-01 00:00
Abstract

Lipid droplet biogenesis, accumulation and secretion is an important field of research spanning biofuel feedstock production in algae and yeast to plant-microbe symbiosis or human metabolic disorders and other diseases. Here we evaluate the critical elements that influence lipid accumulation in the highly simplified and smallest known eukaryote Ostreococcus tauri and identify several conditions that satisfy its classification as an oleaginous green alga. In addition, these experiments revealed the release of excess lipids in pea-pod like structures where many dense lipid droplets are clustered in a linear fashion surrounded by an enveloping membrane which contrasts with known mechanisms from other eukaryotes. These results highlight the potential for Ostreococcus tauri to probe the evolution of lipid droplet dynamics as an emerging model organism with a compacted eukaryotic genome and also to impact lipid feedstock bioproduction applications either directly or using synthetic biology.