Imaging whole Escherichia coli bacteria by using single-particle x-ray diffraction

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TitleImaging whole Escherichia coli bacteria by using single-particle x-ray diffraction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsMiao JW, Hodgson KO, Ishikawa T, Larabell CA, Le Gros MA, Nishino Y
Journal TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Journal DateJan 7
ISBN Number0027-8424
Accession NumberISI:000180307100021
KeywordsMicroscopy, resolution

We report the first experimental recording, to our knowledge, of the diffraction pattern from intact Escherichia coli bacteria using coherent x-rays with a wavelength of 2 A. By using the oversampling phasing method, a real space image at a resolution of 30 nm was directly reconstructed from the diffraction pattern. An R factor used for characterizing the quality of the reconstruction was in the range of 5%, which demonstrated the reliability of the reconstruction process. The distribution of proteins inside the bacteria labeled with manganese oxide has been identified and this distribution confirmed by fluorescence microscopy images. Compared with lens-based microscopy, this diffraction-based imaging approach can examine thicker samples, such as whole cultured cells, in three dimensions with resolution limited only by radiation damage. Looking forward, the successful recording and reconstruction of diffraction patterns from biological samples reported here represent an important step toward the potential of imaging single biomolecules at near-atomic resolution by combining single-particle diffraction with x-ray free electron lasers.

URL<Go to ISI>://000180307100021